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'The Metropolis in Latin America 1830-1930' at Getty Research Institute

'The Metropolis in Latin America 1830-1930' at Getty Research Institute

Posted by Miguel Ernesto on September 27, 2017

Getty Research Institute is showcasing an exhibition of photography and architectural relevance titled "The Metropolis in Latin America 1830-1930."

It explores the transformation of six Latin American capitals: Buenos Aires, Havana, Lima, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, and Santiago de Chile. Urban growth, sociopolitical upheavals, and cultural transitions that reshaped the architectural landscapes of these major cities in Latin America over the course of a century form the theme of this exhibition. It also addresses the influence that the architecture of Southern California had on design in Latin American and vice-versa. The intersection of photography and architecture in this collection makes it possible to trace the unique development of major metropolis in Latin America and the manner in which these cities were influenced by cultural and social changes. Their influence on city planning and design elsewhere in the world. The exhibition presents the colonial city as a terrain shaped by Spanish Imperial urban regulations, and the republican city as an area of negotiation of previously imposed and newly imported models, later challenged by waves of indigenous revivals.

Photographs, prints, plans, and maps from the Getty Research Institute’s collections depict the urban impact of key societal and economic transformations, including the emergence of a bourgeois elite, extensive infrastructure projects, rapid industrialization, and commercialization. Over a time of intense growth and social change when cities began to reshape themselves, removing or diminishing the power of colonial symbols through the construction of new civic buildings; Latin Americans too felt the need to break with the colonial past, and the keen desire was expressed through architecture and urban planning, among other ways. As Latin American metropolis became dramatically reconfigured, these cities also became experimental laboratories where scientific planning mingled with the natural environment to create forward-looking approached to city planning. By the later part of the 19th century important changes, including extensive migration to cities and the beginning of local industrialization, resulted in modern urban development. In major cities, such as Buenos Aires, Mexico City, and Rio de Janeiro, a fascination with the Parisian great works of the second French empire resulted in the adoption of European planning models. Radial networks of avenues, as well as new parkways, public parks, and botanical gardens, transformed cities. However, the legacy of the colonial city was still visibl

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