Recife: the many rhythms of Brazil
Recife: the many rhythms of Brazil
If music and partying are what you have in mind for a trip to Brazil, you might want to sidestep traditional hotspots like Rio de Janeiro and Salvador and head to Recife instead.
This often-overlooked metropolis of 3.6 million people on Brazil's northeastern coast is home to some of the country's most popular Carnival celebrations and other street festivals. It also boasts one of the most vibrant music scenes in Brazil.
But don't expect the smooth sounds of bossa nova and samba, the musical genres most identified with Brazil. This is the land of frenetic, body-to-body dance music that will make you sweat.
Located where the Capibaribe and Beberibe rivers meet the Atlantic Ocean, Recife is a city of endless waterways and bridges Some call it the "Brazilian Venice."
One of Brazil's oldest cities, Recife boomed as the world's leading sugar producer in the early 17th Century. Colourful vestiges of that era are still on display in the city's historic districts, giving it a colonial charm among modern skyscrapers.
Soccer fans coming to Recife for the World Cup in June will miss Carnival, but will still get a good taste of the city's love affair with street parties. Recife will host five World Cup games: Ivory Coast vs Japan; Italy vs Costa Rica; Croatia vs Mexico; USA vs Germany; and a Round of 16 match.
Here are tips for getting the most out of a trip to Recife from Reuters, whose 2,600 journalists in all parts of the world offer visitors the best local insights.
Luckily for soccer fans, the World Cup will take place at the same time as what Brazilians call "Festas Juninas" - literally, June Festivals - nationwide festivities celebrating the Catholic saints of John the Baptist, Anthony and Peter.
The festivals also celebrate rural life in Brazil, with men decked out in plaid shirts and straw hats while women don country dresses and pigtails. In between fireworks displays and folk dancing, taste some "pamonha" and "canjica," seasonal corn-based treats made for the festivals.
Don't miss the chance to try your luck at "arrasta pe," the cheek-to-cheek, foot-dragging way of dancing forro, the fast-paced and catchy musical genre from northeastern Brazil played with an accordion, a triangle and a zabumba drum.
The festivities are spread out all over the city, but head to Arsenal and Sao Pedro squares for the biggest attractions.
While downtown, you can learn more about forro and other local rhythms such as baiao, xote and xaxado at Cais do Sertao, a sparkling new gallery dedicated to the late Luiz Gonzaga, one of the most influential Brazilian musicians of the 20th Century.
For more on Recife's rich musical history, visit the Paco do Frevo about two blocks away. It's a shrine to the upbeat orchestral musical style and accompanying acrobatic dances known as frevo, mainstays in the city's Carnival celebrations.
Both museums are just a stone's throw from Rio Branco square, also known as Marca Zero, where a giant compass marks the city's ground zero. From there, take in the view of the harbour, whose entrance is graced with ceramic sculptures by one of Recife's best-known artists, Francisco Brennand.
For more of Brennand's work, visit his family's old brick and tile factory on the city's western outskirts. It houses a remarkable collection of ceramic sculptures, surrounded by a nature reserve.
As a coastal metropolis in the tropics, much of Recife is built around mangrove swamps. That muddy landscape, known as "mangue" in Portuguese, inspired a cultural movement in the 1990s that thrust Recife's music scene onto the national stage.
The "Mangue Beat" movement fused electronic beats and other sounds with maracatu, a local drum rhythm, revolutionizing Brazilian pop music.
At Sons de Pernambuco you can sample some of the vibrant local sounds that have come in Mangue's wake. Or you can witness them yourself at street parties such as "Som na Rural," a spontaneous set of live concerts performed from the back of an old Ford truck.
For a glimpse of what's up-and-coming in Recife's music scene, check out the festival organised by a group of independent producers at Estudio Base on Rua da Aurora, on June 15, 22 and 29. Golarrole is another party producing crew hugely popular with locals.
Another good venue for live music is Estelita, which also plans to screen World Cup matches for fans who were not lucky enough to score tickets.