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Meet the Fortress San Carlos de Borromeo

Meet the Fortress San Carlos de Borromeo

Posted by Dubraswka Aguilar on November 11, 2014

Pampatar is a city with a very special charm thanks to the castle of San Carlos de Borromeo. The Castle is located bayfront Pampatar and was created in 1663 in order to protect the port and customs of the pirates of that era.

There are various stories about the name, the most famous show that Juan Marroquin de Montehermoso, governor and captain general of the island at the time, said the name was a tribute to San Carlos to honor King of Spain Don Carlos II, others say the governor Carlos Navarro said the name of the castle was to be in honor of Saint San Carlos Borromeo.

The castle represents the military architecture of the time, with a regular type construction and four watchtowers at its four observation angles or corners. The Bank has 12 coastal guns of the eighteenth century, guarding the entrance to the bay, plus traces of a water tank or water through which took the cavalry.

This fort played an important role in the era of independence, according to historical data in 1816 moved from castle Santa Rosa de La Asuncion to San Carlos de Borromeo to the great heroine of Margariteño village, Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi, wife of founding father Juan Bautista Arismendi, before being taken to the prison of La Guaira.

It also tells the story that in this castle stayed General Pablo Morillo when he invaded Margarita a second time in July 1817, and from there left the island on August 17th of that year. From that day Margaret was free forever, being the first province of Venezuela.

INTERESTING FACTS

The base of the castle has a star shape formed by four bastions at the corners and four center curtains.

You reach inside by a drawbridge.

It is a castle of the regular type, which means that its bastions and curtains have the same or similar size.

Curiously, because of an error by the architect, the moat never fulfilled its purpose of safekeeping of rounds on foot because it was built high above the sea level and could never be filled.

Currently inside the fort it can be appreciated valuable period pieces and enjoy a panoramic view of the Bay and surrounding Pampatar. The Opening hours are from Monday to Sunday from 9.00 am to 6.00 pm.

CASTLE IN NUMBERS

In 1662 the castle was completely destroyed by pirates.

In 1684 it was completed the reconstruction of the fort.

In 1965 the castle was declared a National Historic Landmark.

Since 2001 it is managed by the Tourism Corporation of Nueva Esparta State.

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